Types of Pipe Fittings and Overview of plumbing

Let’s talk pipes! Our guide on Types of Pipe Fittings is like a friendly chat about plumbing. From elbows to valves, we’ve got you covered with real stories and tips. Whether you’re a DIY lover or a pro, let’s make plumbing a happy, hassle-free experience!

What are pipe fittings?

Pipe fittings are essential components in plumbing and piping systems because they make it possible to connect, reroute, and terminate pipes as well as the numerous segments that make up the pipeline. Pipes of varying dimensions and configurations may be joined together using these fittings, which offer a reliable seal against water infiltration. They make it possible for fluids and gasses to move without obstruction, which is necessary for the effective operation of systems in industrial, commercial, and residential settings

 Types of pipe Fittings

Fittings are made from a number of different materials, serving different purposes. There are numerous such fittings; but the most commonest ones include: Tees, wyes, crosses, elbows, couplings, unions, valves and compression fittings. 


Elbows are one of the most widely used pipe fittings and also known as ells. They are mostly used to change the direction or the angle of a piping system. While they come in varied diameters, they are usually threaded for better connectivity. One of the common examples of an elbow fitting is a fitting extending out of the wall in the bathroom for the shower on which the showerhead is connected.

Tees, Wyes, and Crosses

When there is a need to split a pipe fitting or a tube, tees, wyes and crosses are used. Tees, as the name suggests are in the shape of the letter ‘T’ and allow to create branch lines. Wyes are primarily used to get access to the drain-waste-vent systems. Crosses have a single input and 3 outputs each intersecting at 90 degrees. These fittings are available in standard and reduced designs. 

 Couplings and Unions

If you want to join 2 straight pieces with the same diameter, couplings are used. Couplings are usually welded together and are permanent fittings while unions can be easily removed.

 Compression Fittings:

A compression fittings consists of 3 main parts; a body, nut and gasket ring. These are used to prevent leakings.

Caps and Plugs:

A dead-end pipe is closed using a cap. Plugs as the name suggests are used as a stopper at the end of a pipe.


There are many varieties of valves and are thus placed as a whole category depending on the complexity. Although there are many different types of valves, their main attributes are that they help to control the flow of liquids and gasses. In some cases they may also be used for controlling temperature. Some of the most common valves include gate, butterfly, ball and globe valve. 


Fittings are made from a number of different materials and therefore it is important to ascertain that the fitting material is compatible with the rest of the piping and tubing system. Some of the most common materials used for fittings include PVC, copper, steel and brass. 


Finally, exploring the world of pipes and fittings is like discovering the unsung heroes of plumbing. From the flexible magic of elbows to the party of tees, wyes, and crosses, each fitting plays a unique role in keeping things flowing smoothly. Couplings and unions add a dynamic to connections, compression fittings act as leak stoppers, and valves emerge as the true MVPs in flow control.

Material selection is similar to dressing up your pipes, with PVC, copper, steel, and brass all providing a variety of options. The friendly suggestion to visit a competitor’s website adds a neighborly touch, implying a shared experience in unraveling the intricate details of these everyday heroes in the plumbing world.

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